Division of Crop Improvement
At IISR, Lucknow, a small unit as Botany and Breeding section was started under the control of Sugarcane Breeding Institute, Coimbatore serving as its Regional Centre for evaluation of sugarcane varieties for this region. In the year 1969, this section was transferred to IISR, Lucknow. The section was elevated to Division of Botany and Breeding. In 1989, it was renamed as Division of Crop Improvement. As per Institute's mandate, the scientists of the Division conducted fundamental and applied research on sugar crops (sugarcane and sugarbeet). Evaluation and enrichment of germplasm were also initiated for its utilization for varietal improvement for the subtropics. In the year 1994, the mandate of the institute was again revised. However, on the recommendation of RAC constituted in 1994, the ICAR approved the under mentioned mandate for the research work to be conducted by Division of Crop Improvement:
- To develop sugarcane varieties resistant to red rot for higher sugar productivity.
- To develop suitable varieties for sub tropical India
- Genetic enhancement in traits of economic importance through gene introgression from Saccharum complex
- Increasing breeding efficiency through biotechnological interventions
- Sugarbeet breeding for Indian agro-climates and its adaptation
- Molecular Biology and Biotechnology Lab: PCR, Electrophoresis (Vertical and Horizontal), DNA Sequencing Gel, High Speed Refrigerated Centrifuge, Deep Freezer (-80oC), Water purification system, Hybridization Oven etc.
- Cytogenetics Lab: Cytogenetics work station, Thermal Cycler with in situ module, Freeze Dryer, Gel Doc System, Electrophoresis System with Power Pack etc.
- DUS Testing Facility: 108 reference varieties of sugarcane are being maintained for DUS characterization and comparison of new sugarcane varieties.
- Glass house/ Poly house facilities: These facilities are being utilized for fluff sowing and seedlings raising of sugarcane.